Cat immunodeficiency syndrome is also called cat AIDS, which is caused by the infection of the virus. This virus is related to the HIV virus that causes human AIDS, in structure and nucleic acid sequence. Cats infected with cat AIDS often produce clinical symptoms similar to those caused by human AIDS, but cats have AIDS. Viruses do not infect humans.
At present, it is the second highest mortality infectious disease in the world. According to research, one cat in every five cats in the world is infected with this disease. But unfortunately, cat AIDS is also one of the most misunderstood diseases of cat infectious diseases. The reason is simple, because it has a name that makes people feel bad.
Cat AIDS and human AIDS are two different diseases, not only the cause of disease is different, and even the route of transmission is different. So let alone the myth that people and cats can infect each other, and literally, the patient must be a cat, and AIDS is named because the symptoms of the disease are manifested by immune deficiency, which is quite similar to human AIDS, even if cat AIDS and human AIDS can make patients immunosuppressed. But they are still completely different diseases.
1. Pathogenic Reasons
The high risk group of cat AIDS is adult, male, free-range, or unstable cats. Pure cat breeding grounds usually have stable ethnic characteristics, fewer cat fights, so the incidence of cat AIDS is low.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus exists in saliva in large quantities besides blood and bone marrow. Therefore, the main route of infection is through bite or scratch, and a few cases are transmitted vertically to the fetus via placenta.
Unlike human AIDS, it does not spread through sexual intercourse, at least there is no report that cat AIDS is transmitted through cat sexual intercourse. But the disease can have a long incubation period, and even many infected cats remain disease-free for life.
Infection of this disease mostly has no significant clinical symptoms, the main harm is that its immune system has been suppressed for a long time, so sick cats are easily infected with some diseases which are not easy to occur in healthy cats, such as toxoplasmosis, cat infectious anemia, carlissian virus and so on.
Decreased white blood cell count, fever, gingival oral infection, lymph node enlargement, anemia and other complex infections are common in diseased cats.
Because of the unique pathogenesis of cat AIDS, many cats suffer from AIDS, resulting in a decline in immunity, leading to other secondary diseases become irremediable, even a little bit of minor diseases will be due to the loss of resistance and cause a major problem of death, that is, because in this way, cat AIDS actually does not have some specific impending. Bed symptoms to make judgments. We often find that such as persistent upper respiratory tract infections, difficult healing of wounds on the body, severe gingival stomatitis, pus on the surface of the eyes and even chronic diarrhea, and other symptoms such as fever, decreased mental appetite, and heavy lymph nodes are all likely to be symptoms of cat AIDS. That is to say, most of the clinical symptoms have to rely on secondary infections and be strengthened by immune deficiency symptoms before we can be found.
3. Treatment plan
At present, there is a rapid screening of cat AIDS on the market for testing, that is, we often say the test paper, only a few drops of blood, about 10 minutes can know whether the cat has the existence of the original cat AIDS.
At present, there are no specific drugs available. When cats are found to suffer from AIDS, the general treatment criteria are symptomatic cure, strengthening the resistance of cats, supplementing nutrition, controlling and avoiding secondary infections, and finally isolating sick cats, in order to prevent more cats from suffering, and also to reduce the number of sick cats receiving. More other pathogens have been touched.
4. Prevention and control
Preventive vaccines are very important, but unfortunately, cat AIDS is almost impossible to develop because of the unique reproductive mode of the virus family. Therefore, the current prevention mode suggests regular vaccination, reducing the presence of other diseases, sterilization and reducing outgoing, and preventing cats from estrus. Go out to fight or earn land.
It is suggested that before adopting a new cat (especially a stray cat), blood tests should be conducted in isolation to make sure that the cat is disease-free before taking it home.