• 猫艾滋检测
  • 本站编辑:杭州爱谨生物科技有限公司发布日期:2019-07-10 20:25 浏览次数:

猫艾滋病

Cat AIDS

猫免疫不全症也叫做猫艾滋病,由此种病毒所感染而引发的疾病,这种病毒与引起人类AIDS的HIV病毒,在构造及核甘酸的序列上具有相关性,感染了猫艾滋病的猫咪也常会产生类似人类AIDS所引发的免疫不全临床症状,但猫的艾滋病毒并不会传染给人类。

Cat immunodeficiency syndrome is also called cat AIDS, which is caused by the infection of the virus. This virus is related to the HIV virus that causes human AIDS, in structure and nucleic acid sequence. Cats infected with cat AIDS often produce clinical symptoms similar to those caused by human AIDS, but cats have AIDS. Viruses do not infect humans.

目前是高居猫死亡原因第二名之高死亡率传染病,据研究显示全世界每五只猫就有一只猫感染此病,但是很可惜猫艾滋同時也是猫传染病之中最被人所误解的疾病之一,原因很简单,就是因為它拥有一個令人闻之色变的名字。

At present, it is the second highest mortality infectious disease in the world. According to research, one cat in every five cats in the world is infected with this disease. But unfortunately, cat AIDS is also one of the most misunderstood diseases of cat infectious diseases. The reason is simple, because it has a name that makes people feel bad.

猫艾滋和人艾滋是两种不同的病,不单单是致病原因不相同,甚至传染途径也不相同。所以更别提人与猫之间会相互传染的谬论了,况且从字面上来看,病患一定是要猫,而取名艾滋是因为疾病产生的病状就是以免疫缺乏为表现,这一点确实是与人的艾滋病相当类似,就算猫艾滋跟人艾滋均会让患者免疫抑制,但这两者仍然是完全不同的疾病。

Cat AIDS and human AIDS are two different diseases, not only the cause of disease is different, and even the route of transmission is different. So let alone the myth that people and cats can infect each other, and literally, the patient must be a cat, and AIDS is named because the symptoms of the disease are manifested by immune deficiency, which is quite similar to human AIDS, even if cat AIDS and human AIDS can make patients immunosuppressed. But they are still completely different diseases.

1、致病原因

1. Pathogenic Reasons

猫艾滋的高危险群为成年、雄性、放养式、或不稳定的猫群,纯种猫的繁殖场通常具有较稳定的族群特性,较少有猫咪打架的情况发生,所以猫艾滋的发生率较低。

The high risk group of cat AIDS is adult, male, free-range, or unstable cats. Pure cat breeding grounds usually have stable ethnic characteristics, fewer cat fights, so the incidence of cat AIDS is low.

猫免疫不全病毒除出现于血液与骨髓液外,大量存在于唾液中,因此主要传染途径为经咬伤或者抓伤而感染,也有少数病例经胎盘垂直传染给胎儿。

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus exists in saliva in large quantities besides blood and bone marrow. Therefore, the main route of infection is through bite or scratch, and a few cases are transmitted vertically to the fetus via placenta.

与人类艾滋病不同的是,它并不会经由性行为而传播,至少目前并没有报告指出猫艾滋经由猫咪性交传播。但是此病可以有很長的潛伏期,甚至許多感染猫終生沒有發病。

Unlike human AIDS, it does not spread through sexual intercourse, at least there is no report that cat AIDS is transmitted through cat sexual intercourse. But the disease can have a long incubation period, and even many infected cats remain disease-free for life.

2、症状表现

2. Symptoms

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感染本病大多无显着的临床症状,主要的致害在于其免疫系统长期受抑制,因此病猫很容易感染一些不易发生在健康猫身上的疾病,如:弓虫症、猫传染性贫血、卡里锡病毒等等。

Infection of this disease mostly has no significant clinical symptoms, the main harm is that its immune system has been suppressed for a long time, so sick cats are easily infected with some diseases which are not easy to occur in healthy cats, such as toxoplasmosis, cat infectious anemia, carlissian virus and so on.

病猫常见有白血球数减少、发烧、牙龈口腔感染、淋巴结肿大、贫血及其它复合感染。

Decreased white blood cell count, fever, gingival oral infection, lymph node enlargement, anemia and other complex infections are common in diseased cats.

因为猫艾滋独特的发病系统,许多猫得病之后造成免疫力下降,导致其他继发而来的疾病变得一发不可收拾,就算是一点点的小病也会因为抵抗力的丧失而造成致死的大问题,也就是因为这样,猫艾滋其实并没有一些特定的临床症状来去做判断。我们经常发现如上呼吸道的感染久病不愈、身上伤口不容易愈合、严重的齿龈感染口炎、眼睛表面的化脓甚至是慢性下痢,其他如发烧、精神食欲下降、淋巴结重大等,都很有可能是猫艾滋的症状。也就是说大部分的临床症状都必须端赖二次性的继发感染并且被免疫不全加强症状以后才会被我们发现。

Because of the unique pathogenesis of cat AIDS, many cats suffer from AIDS, resulting in a decline in immunity, leading to other secondary diseases become irremediable, even a little bit of minor diseases will be due to the loss of resistance and cause a major problem of death, that is, because in this way, cat AIDS actually does not have some specific impending. Bed symptoms to make judgments. We often find that such as persistent upper respiratory tract infections, difficult healing of wounds on the body, severe gingival stomatitis, pus on the surface of the eyes and even chronic diarrhea, and other symptoms such as fever, decreased mental appetite, and heavy lymph nodes are all likely to be symptoms of cat AIDS. That is to say, most of the clinical symptoms have to rely on secondary infections and be strengthened by immune deficiency symptoms before we can be found.

3、治疗方案

3. Treatment plan

目前市面上已经有猫艾滋的快筛可供检测,也就是我们常说的检测试纸,只需几滴鲜血,约莫十几分钟就可以知道猫咪的体内有无猫艾滋病原的存在。

At present, there is a rapid screening of cat AIDS on the market for testing, that is, we often say the test paper, only a few drops of blood, about 10 minutes can know whether the cat has the existence of the original cat AIDS.

目前并沒有任何特效药物可供使用,发现有猫咪患猫艾滋病时,一般的治疗准则即是对症治愈,并且加强猫的抵抗力,补充营养,同时控制与避免继发的二次性感染,最后隔离病猫,以防止更多的猫咪受苦,也可以减少病猫接触到更多的其他病原。

At present, there are no specific drugs available. When cats are found to suffer from AIDS, the general treatment criteria are symptomatic cure, strengthening the resistance of cats, supplementing nutrition, controlling and avoiding secondary infections, and finally isolating sick cats, in order to prevent more cats from suffering, and also to reduce the number of sick cats receiving. More other pathogens have been touched.

4、预防和控制

4. Prevention and control

◆ 预防疫苗十分重要,但是很可惜的一点是猫艾滋因为反转入病毒科独特的增殖模式,使得疫苗开发几乎成为不可能,所以现行的预防模式,建议定期打预防针、减少其他疾病的存在,实施绝育并且减少出门,防止猫咪发情期外出打架或是挣地盘。

Preventive vaccines are very important, but unfortunately, cat AIDS is almost impossible to develop because of the unique reproductive mode of the virus family. Therefore, the current prevention mode suggests regular vaccination, reducing the presence of other diseases, sterilization and reducing outgoing, and preventing cats from estrus. Go out to fight or earn land.

◆ 建议认养新猫(尤其是流浪猫)之前,一定要先隔离进行血检,确定无病再带家里饲养。

It is suggested that before adopting a new cat (especially a stray cat), blood tests should be conducted in isolation to make sure that the cat is disease-free before taking it home.